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ISRO’s XPoSat: A Stellar Leap into Cosmic Exploration on New Year’s Day

India's PSLV C-58 Launch Marks Stellar Advancement

On New Year’s Day, Sriharikota saw a historic occasion as ISRO’s PSLV C-58, carrying the XPoSat (X-ray Polarimeter Satellite), shot into space. This groundbreaking project is India’s first venture into X-ray polarimetry, emphasizing neutron stars and black holes. A source of great pride for the country, the successful launch—the 60th for PSLV—confirms ISRO’s outstanding standing in space exploration.

XPoSat Mission Overview
The XPoSat mission, designed to endure five years, boasts two primary instruments—Polix and Expect. This launch makes India the second country globally, after the US, to undertake an X-ray polarimeter satellite mission. Accompanying XPoSat are ten small satellites, including ‘V-SAT,’ crafted by students from LBS Women’s Engineering College in Thiruvananthapuram.

Scientific Objectives
The PSLV-C58 mission’s core objectives encompass measuring X-ray polarization within the 8-30 keV energy band from approximately 50 cosmic sources. These measurements facilitate long-term spectral and temporal studies of cosmic X-ray phenomena. X-ray polarimetry is a vital diagnostic tool, unraveling celestial sources’ radiation mechanisms and geometries. The mission’s primary payload includes POLIX (Polarimeter Instrument in X-Rays) by Raman Research Institute and XSPECT (X-ray Spectroscopy and Timing) by the U R Rao Satellite Centre, Bengaluru.

ISRO’s New Year Gift
Following the success of the Gaganyaan Test Vehicle D1 mission in October, ISRO launched XPoSat in the new year. With successes like the soft landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the Moon’s south pole and the upcoming 2023 launch of Aditya-L1, India’s first solar mission, this accomplishment highlights India’s increasing capability in space exploration.

Looking Ahead
Beyond XPoSat, ISRO’s trajectory includes:

  • The ambitious Gaganyaan Mission.
  • The establishment of the ‘Bharatiya Antariksha Station’ by 2035.
  • The aspiration is to send the first Indian to the Moon by 2040.

With these visions, ISRO continues to propel India into the forefront of space exploration. The nation’s efforts to solve the secrets of the cosmos are demonstrated by ISRO’s cosmic exploration projects, which were made possible by the successful XPoSat launch to ring in the New Year. India’s space capabilities have advanced significantly with the XPoSat mission, paving the way for more groundbreaking accomplishments in the years to come.

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Rohit Sharma

Rohit Sharma is a seasoned Political Journalist with a deep passion for Indian Politics. With over a decade of experience in the field, he has established himself as a trusted… More »

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